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Ohio has the same two-court system that is used by every other state in the nation. This means that Ohio has state courts and federal courts. However, there are multiple levels and specific types of these courts.
The type of court that a person appears in depends on the specific matter of law that is being heard. Criminal cases may be heard in different courts depending on where the alleged offense occurred and what the classification of the crime was.
These courts have different sets of rules and requirements, but each one allows people the right to an attorney. Legal representation can be critical in ensuring that alleged offenders in criminal cases achieve the most favorable outcomes.
If you were recently arrested or believe you are being investigated for allegedly committing a crime, it is in your best interest to seek legal counsel as soon as possible. Joslyn Law Firm defends clients in courts throughout Franklin County, Licking County, Fairfield County, Madison County, Delaware County, and Pickaway County.
Brian Joslyn has received several prestigious honors in recognition of his legal abilities, including being named a Top Lawyer by Columbus CEO magazine, one of the Top 10 Criminal Defense Attorneys in Ohio by the National Academy of Criminal Defense Attorneys, and one of the Top 100 Trial Lawyers in the United States by the National Trial Lawyers. He can review your own case and help you understand what to expect about the particular court you will be appearing in when you call (614) 444-1900 to set up a free, confidential consultation.
Also called United States courts, there are three courts in Ohio that are dedicated to deciding matters of federal law or cases in which the United States is a party. There are two federal trial courts in Ohio that are called district courts, and these districts are further divided into two divisions. The federal district courts in Ohio are:
In addition to these federal trial courts, Ohio is also home to a federal appellate court that handles appeals not only from both of Ohio’s district courts but also district courts in Kentucky, Michigan, and Tennessee.
Ohio District Courts of Appeals are the state’s intermediate appellate courts. These courts also have original jurisdiction to hear certain proceedings, such as applications for writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, procedendo, prohibition, and quo warranto. Some of the appeals courts in Central Ohio include:
The Ohio Supreme Court can review cases from the courts of appeals, but the decision of a District Court of Appeals in Ohio is usually end of the appeals process for most cases.
Certain jurisdictions in Ohio also have specialized courts that are designed to provide an alternative to the traditional criminal court system for certain groups of alleged offenders. A few examples include, but are not limited to:
Every county in Ohio has a common pleas court that is dedicated to hearing all criminal felony cases in the county as well as juvenile, domestic relations, and probate matters. Unlike other kinds of trial courts in Ohio that are regulated by statute, the countywide jurisdiction of common pleas courts are established under the state constitution and can only be changed by an amendment to the Ohio Constitution.
These courts handle misdemeanor offenses and traffic violations, although they can also hold preliminary hearings in felony cases. Municipal courts have limited jurisdiction, but the limits vary by court. Some municipal courts have countywide jurisdiction while others have jurisdiction only within their corporate limits. Some courts may have jurisdiction that extends beyond corporate limits but is not fully countywide.
Municipal corporations that have a population of more than 100 people and are not home to a municipal court can establish a Mayor’s Court. Similar to municipal courts, Mayor’s Courts handle alleged misdemeanor crimes and traffic violations within their corporate limits.
Rather than having a judge preside over these cases, these matters are overseen by either the mayor him or herself or a magistrate appointed by the mayor. These are not courts of record and alleged offenders cannot receive jury trials in Mayor’s Courts, but people can transfer their cases to municipal courts at any time before a trial or as part of an appeal.
Are you concerned about going to court to face criminal charges in Ohio? You can reduce a significant amount of stress by having experienced legal representation.
Joslyn Law Firm represents clients in various courts in Central Ohio, including Columbus, Grand View, Westerville, Hilliard, Grove City, Gahanna, Dublin, and many more. Call (614) 444-1900 today to receive a free consultation that will allow Brian Joslyn to provide a complete evaluation of your case.