Madison County Court of Common Pleas
Ohio's court of common pleas presides over trial courts of general jurisdiction in its designated area. Madison County's court of common pleas is split into four categories, juvenile, general, probate and domestic. All the duties of the court of common pleas are outlined in the Ohio Constitution in Article IV, Section 4.
Felony cases and civil cases exceeding $15,000 typically are conducted in the court of common pleas. Any person, who has a scheduled hearing at the Madison County court of common pleas, should gain legal representation as soon as possible. Staying informed is the first step to tackling your legal issues.
Attorney for Court of Common Pleas in Madison County
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Overview for Court of Common Pleas in Madison County
Types of Cases Heard in Madison County's Court of Common Pleas
Ohio's court of common pleas is made up of four divisions. These divisions are probate, domestic, juvenile, and general. General jurisdiction is made up of criminal and certain civil cases. The following are some types of felony cases the criminal division handles:
- Felony Sex Crimes
- Domestic Violence
- Civil Matters exceeding $15,000
- Felony DUI/OVI
- Aggravated Vehicular Assault
- Aggravated Vehicular Homicide
- Involuntary Manslaughter by Vehicle
- Felony Drug Crimes
The domestic relations division handle cases involving divorce. A few types of domestic court cases include:
- Spousal Support
- Parental Rights
- Custody Rights
- Legal separation
Juveniles have their own division in the court of common pleas. Cases involving dependent, unruly, or neglected children include:
- Underage drinking
- Sexual assault
- Child abuse
- Non-payment of child support
- Criminal mischief
Finally, there is also a probates division in the court of common pleas. Probate law concerns administering the estate of a deceased person, distributing the deceased person's property, and any claims still against the estate. The following are a few kinds of probates cases:
- Administration of estates
- Adoption proceedings
- Probate of wills
Process for Court of Common Pleas in Madison County
Madison County's court of common pleas presides over both civil and criminal cases. Civil and criminal courts have different types of rules and regulations. Some include a jury, while others are ruled by just a judge. In addition, there are juvenile and probate divisions which have slightly different standards for their own cases.
The court of common pleas has jurisdiction over felony and some misdemeanor cases throughout Madison County.
Every criminal trial begins with an arraignment hearing. An arraignment hearing is not complex, or usually very long. The arraignment is the defendant's initial appearance before the court. Here, the defendant will be told by the judge of the charges that are before them. The defendant will have a chance to plead guilty, not guilty, or nolo contendere (no contest). Additionally, a plea bargain is usually offered by the Deputy Attorney General. In no way is the defendant required to take this bargain.
Criminal trials are decided by a jury or a judge. In a jury trial, the judge will interpret the rules of the court and laws of the State. However, the jury will decide if the defendant is guilty or not guilty. A "bench trial" or non-jury trial is only decided by the judge.
The following are the stages to a non-jury/bench trial:
- Opening Statements – At this stage the defendant and Deputy Attorney General have the chance to make an opening statement that summarizes any evidence or witnesses they plan to present to the judge.
- Presenting Witnesses –The Deputy Attorney General will then move on to explain and present evidence. He or she will have an opportunity to directly examine their chosen witnesses. Once they have finished, the defense will have a chance to cross-examine the State's witnesses, if they choose to. The process will repeat again, this time with the defendant directly examining their chosen witnesses. Like before, the prosecution will also have the chance to cross-examine the defense's witnesses. Once all witnesses have been called, the defendant will choose to testify or not. In some cases, the State may call on a rebuttal witnesses. A rebuttal witness is called to oppose or refute evidence presented by the defense witnesses.
- Closing Arguments –Near the end of the trial, the defense and prosecution can each present their own closing arguments. This gives both parties an opportunity to summarize the presented evidence and persuade the judge.
- Verdict – The judge will decide if the defendant is guilty or not guilty for the charge(s). If the judge needs more time to analyze the evidence, an issued written verdict will be used at a later date.
Jurors are selected among a pool of jurors that are summoned through the Ohio Superior Court. The following are steps to a jury trial in the court of common pleas.
- Opening Statements – The defense and prosecution will begin with their opening statements. An opening statement gives an overview of what evidence and witnesses the two parties plan to present.
- Presenting Witnesses- Usually, the trial will being with the Deputy Attorney General presenting his or her evidence and questioning their chosen witnesses. Once the State is finished, the defense will have an opportunity to cross-examine the prosecution's witnesses. After this, the defense will also directly examine their chosen witnesses. The State will then have a chance to cross examine the defendant's witnesses. After all witnesses have been cross-examined, the defendant will choose whether to on the stand or not. The prosecution may call on rebuttal witnesses. A rebuttal witness is called to oppose or refute evidence presented by the defense witnesses.
- Closing Arguments –The prosecution and defense will have the last opportunity to convince the jury in closing arguments.
- Jury Instructions – The judge will issue jury instructions. These instructions explain the settlements that must be found to render a verdict. The judge will also explain the rules of law pertaining to the case. After this, the jury will have time to recess and deliberate a verdict.
- Verdict of the Jury – After deliberation the jury will decide the fate of the accused. To render a verdict, the jury must unanimously agree.
Location & Staff for Madison County Court of Common Pleas
Madison County's court of common pleas is in charge of trial cases for criminal, some civil, probates, domestic, and juvenile law. You can locate the court of common pleas in Madison County at:
Madison County Common Pleas Court
1 N. Main Street
P.O. Box 527
London, Ohio (740) 845 -1780
- Judge: Honorable Eamon Costello
Madison County Clerk of Courts – Visit the official website for the Madison County Clerk of Courts. See the records to your court documents, what fees may be associated with it, and when and where your hearing is. Gain access to the County Clerk's office location and phone number.
Rules of Practice – See a document listing all the revised rules to the common pleas court for Madison County. View how motions should be filed, the terms of the court, the cost of some court fees, and available temporary relief.
Madison County Common Pleas Court – Visit the official website for the Madison County court of common pleas. Find the numbers for their phone, fax, and jury hotlines. Tap into resources for the new court rules which were modified February 14, 2018. Lastly, look into the links to the Madison County Law Library, Madison County Clerk of Courts, and The Supreme Court of Ohio.
Find a Ohio Lawyer for Madison County Court of Common Pleas
If you are currently awaiting a court date from the Madison County court of common pleas, it is highly recommended that you seek legal representation. Ohio's legal system can be daunting. Having a credible attorney on your side can change the outcome of your case.
The attorneys at Joslyn Law Firm are experienced in Ohio law, with over 20 years of combined experience. We understand that legalities can be difficult to interpret. It is our job to work diligently and gain the best possible results for your case. Our attorneys are well known among the community, we have been recognized by reputable law associations such as the National Trial Lawyers Association and the Central Ohio Association for Justice.
Be strategic and think ahead for your case. Call an attorney at (614) 444-1900 to gain traction in your court of common pleas case. [firm] defends clients throughout the Central Ohio area including nearby cities such as Newark, Baltimore, Columbus, Circleville, Ashville, Dublin and Baltimore.
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This article was last updated by Jordan Anderson, on July 30th, 2018.